Name-Jal tarang meaning "waves in water".
Also Known as-jalatarangam, jalatharangam.
Developed-before 4th to 6th centuries CE originating from indian subcontinent.
Description- There are a number of porcelian cups involved in the Jal tarang arranged in a semi circular shape in front of the artist.The sound it produces depends upon the level of water upto which it is being filled.
The Science Behind- The different tunes produced by this instrument depends solely on the volume of air left in the container.More the volume of air in the bowl, lesser will be the pitch and vice versa.
Earliest Mentions-The instrument was first mentioned in book 'Vātsyāyana's Kamasutra..
- Kaamchor (1982) - Tum Se Badhkar Duniya Mein
- Master Vyas - Composition (1940s)
Different Types- The cups can be made of various sizes.Usually, the cup which is larger in shape produced low octave while the cup smaller in shape produces high octave.